Health is a condition of body, mind and spirit in which infirmity and disease are absent. It is essential for the proper functioning of all the systems of the body and is related to the proper growth of humans and other organisms. It comprises the conditions of mind and body. When the health of an individual is at its peak, he/she tends to have greater control over his/her life compared to others who suffer from poor or mediocre health. There are some general factors that affect the general health of an individual.

Some of these factors are lifestyle, psychological, environmental, medication and genetics. A poor diet, alcohol, smoking, and use of drugs are bad for health conditions. In addition, some diseases like heart diseases, cancer, depression, high blood pressure, diabetes and obesity are generally present in the environment. It is also possible that some health conditions are caused by changes in the lifestyle of an individual. These include stress, improper diet, lack of exercise, and exposure to certain diseases.

Most of the diseases can be prevented by adopting a healthy lifestyle. The basic determinants of a healthy lifestyle are physical activity, regular exercises and eating balanced meals. It is important to exercise regularly as physical activity stimulates the immune system and helps in maintaining a positive mood. Regular exercises also help in keeping depression at bay and improves the mental status of an individual. It also helps in achieving weight loss through appropriate diet and increased physical activity.

There are many determinants that influence a person’s health status. For example, if a person is overweight, it increases the chances of developing heart diseases. It is important to consult a doctor for obtaining good health care services. A good health care professional is one who has a thorough knowledge on all the aspects of health care including diet, medicine, nutrition, psychology, medical procedures and pharmacology. An associate degree from a recognized institution and experience in practicing medicine would be ideal for a career in health care.

As per the United States Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), there are four classifications of diseases or medical conditions that are considered to be universal health problems. These include obesity, blood pressure, cholesterol and hearing impairment. In general, the best way to maintain good health is to adopt a healthy lifestyle and adopt a lifestyle that is in tune with the needs of the people. A healthy lifestyle includes having a regular sleep pattern, leading a healthy and active life and avoiding excessive intake of alcohol, tobacco and drugs. Public health approaches the needs of the community through education, awareness and promotion of disease prevention and control.

Some of the common diseases or medical conditions include diabetes, hypertension, high blood pressure, heart diseases and osteoporosis. Overcoming these conditions can be achieved through proper and informed management of stress. A healthy diet, regular exercise and a lifestyle that are in tune with one’s needs can contribute significantly in improving the quality of life. A healthy diet can include a well-balanced diet rich in vegetables, fruits and proteins to ensure a balanced diet. Regular exercise helps in reducing the risk of developing heart diseases and hypertension. Exercising on a regular basis and making a part of a daily lifestyle that contributes to healthy living can reduce the risk of developing osteoporosis.

By Arlene Huff

Arlene Huff is the founding member of Golden State Online. Before that She was a general assignment reporter. A native Californian, she graduated from the University of California with a degree in medical anthropology and global health. She currently lives in Los Angeles.

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